Saturday, March 21, 2009

WHO Ethiopia monthly report Feb 2009

Medeshi March 21, 2009
Ethiopia monthly report Feb 2009
Source: World Health Organization (WHO)
Full_Report (pdf* format - 53.8 Kbytes)
According to November 2008 nationwide multi agency need assessment on food and none food sectors for 2009 estimated that over 12 million people will continue to require assistance including 7.5 million people assisted through the National Productive Safety Net Program(PSNP).Nearly another 5 million people will require emergency food and nutrition support and some 1 million will need assistance through a Targeted Supplementary Food(TSF)programme. The Government led Multiagency need assessment also identified an additional 1.2 million children under five, pregnant and lactating women will require targeted supplementary food.

From epidemic week 6-9 only 4 suspected cases of meningitis were reported throughout the country and 2 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea were reported during the same period form one district of the country (Moyale district of Borana zone in Oromia region).


a. Political, social and security:
The over all security situations in the country remained stable during this month except unpredictable security situation in Somali region mainly in zones where Ogden clans are residing. The Ethiopia Defense Force is still operating l in zones where ONLF exist. The inter clan conflict in Warder zone of Somali region still continues unresolved. The killing of commercial truck drivers in Gewanie, Mille and Chifra district of Afar region was reported in February2009. Increase numbers of Somalia asylum seekers continue to enter Ethiopia so far an estimated 10,000 refugees have arrived at the boarder town of Dolo Ado of Somali region. UNHCR reported 150 people are currently crossing the border daily fleeing insecurity and to seek asylum.
b. Main events of interest/ concern for health( including food insecurity and malnutrition, disease outbreak, etc):
Food insecurity and malnutrition Situation and response in Ethiopia.
The food security situation remains critical in Ethiopia according to Government led Multi-agency need assessment in November 2008 for 2009. Thus, Government and Humanitarian Partners' issued a joint Humanitarian Requirements Document that summarizes emergency food and non-food requirements for 2009. A total of 4.9 million beneficiaries are identified to require emergency assistance in 2009. The document seeks for a total net emergency requirement including food needs for the year and non-food needs for the first six months of 2009 amounts to USD 454,396,769.The net food requirement stands at 450,611 MT, amounting to USD 389,327,904. In addition, an estimated 1.2 million beneficiaries will be reached with a net 30,327 MT of supplementary food that amounts USD 26,202,528. A total of USD 38,866,337 is requested to respond to non-food needs of identified beneficiaries in the health and nutrition, water and sanitation and agriculture and livestock sectors. The effects of food insecurity caused by poor performance of seasonal rains, poor crop production coupled with the soaring cereal prices posed several humanitarian challenges to the lives and livelihoods of many in some areas in eastern half of the country. Favorable food security prospects are, however, expected in the western meher crop producing areas.

As part of the response some of the OTPs and SCs opened last year are still functional in Oromia (eastern part) and SNNPR. . WHO, UNICEF and other partners support regions and federal government The support includes:
- Staff training on screen and case management;
- Nutrition survey, data collection, analysis and dissemination and supervision
- WHO recently assigned 3 EHA focal person to region (1 Amhara, 1 Oromia and SNNPR, 1 Dire Dawa, Somali and eastern part of Oromia region) for coordination and technical support to emergency(nutrition, disease outbreak and others) and including HIV/AIDs.

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